HARTFORD RADIO HISTORY
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WNLK

1350 KHz., Norwalk, CT

 
WNLK, Norwalk, which went on the air April 17, 1948, was located on the third floor of the Marshall Building at the corner of Main and Wall Streets. Note the corner sign whose slogan reads: "Radio in Good Taste for the Whole Family." The station was owned by Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Ginzberg. The building was later destroyed in the flood of 1955.

WNLK Air Check From 1950


WNLK was in the Kiddytown Building on Wall St. circa 1977.


WNLK Staff, 1950
Left to right: Unidentified, Unidentified, Joe Levicchi, Bill Morton, Dick Bertelmann, Harry Bertelmann, Doug Bora. Harry Aiken

Produced by the Community Radio Workshop of WNLK in 1950.

WNLK Control Rm, 1977 courtesy of Dennis Jackson 
Control Room, c. 1977.  Photo courtesy of Dennis Jackson


WNLK, Norwalk Connecticut and the Magic of Radio by Dick Bertel

Saturday, April 17, 1948 was a day I had been looking forward to for weeks.  This was the day that Norwalk, Connecticut’s own radio station, WNLK, would officially sign on the air with 500 watts of power.  I was a senior in high school in Darien, a town adjacent to Norwalk, and was hoping to make broadcasting my career so I was really excited.  I had visited the station while it was still under construction in the hope of landing some sort of part-time job.  Unfortunately, there was nothing available, but Milt Warren, the Program Director, who always called me “kid”, invited me back on opening day, an invitation I readily accepted.  I peered through the glass windows that day and watched excitedly as one program after another was broadcast.  I was even invited into Studio A, which was not on the air at the time, so that I could better see the disc jockeys at work in the control room.

I was told that the engineers had actually tested the transmitter several times in the early morning hours a few days before the inaugural broadcast and had received confirmation of the signal as far away as Ohio.  That impressed me very much.

The station had three studios.  Studio A was the largest and was designed for live programming.  It housed a grand piano, 30 or so folding chairs for a studio audience and even a sound effects door on casters for use in dramatic programs.  Studio B, designed for talk shows,, was much smaller.  Studio C was equipped with turntables as well as the control board.  It was the central studio for newscasts and record shows and acted as the control room for the other studios. WNLK was not affiliated with any network and so originated all its own shows.  The bulk of its programming consisted of records and included everything from pop hits to classical music. In those days program segments were still in vogue so that a station might feature a classical music show from, say, 10 to 11 AM followed by a noontime matinee of pop music and then salon music for an hour or so.  The idea of a consistent format (rock, standards, country, etc. was still years away.)  Although most of the music was played from commercial 78 RPM records, several of the shows would utilize transcriptions – 16 inch 33 1/3 RPM discs recorded especially for radio stations and usually of a higher quality, technically, than records.  The transcription service would even provide scripts, using their discs.

The announcing staff included Bob Drews, Vince Lawford, Ed Pennybacker, and program director Milt Warren, plus. a 5th announcer whose name escapes me.  Bill Edwardsen joined the staff about a year later.

When WNLK first went on the air the station operated by law only from sunrise to sunset.  This meant that the station signed on and off the air at a different time each month.  This was economically very difficult because, during the fall months before Christmas, when most stores were willing to spend advertising dollars, the station was on the air the fewest number of hours.

In 1949 the station acquired a full time license, which solved the problem.  However, after 7:30 or 8 o’clock in the evening the audience dwindled considerably, as listeners tuned into the network stations from New York or to New York television stations, which were already making strong inroads into the community served by WNLK.  The station actually signed off the air at 10 PM each evening.

Because they couldn’t sell their evening time WNLK’s management was more than happy to turn some of it over to the community for local endeavors.  This would serve them well when it came time to renew their license.

A Darien resident , Bill Morton, was  given a half hour each Friday from 9:30 to 10 PM to produce dramas by the Community Radio Workshop, a group of local actors who also appeared in community stage productions as a hobby.

Bill called the show “The Mystery Theater of the Air” and each week would produce an original radio drama with studio actors and sound effects.  This is a recording of one of those productions and, as far as I know, is the only one that still exists.

I wrote the play in a loose-leaf notebook while riding the New York New Haven  and Hartford commuter train to New York University.  It was patterned after network mystery shows that dominated the airwaves in those days.

The cast assembled at the radio station at approximately 7:30 each Friday evening for the 9:30 broadcast. Typed carbon copies of the script were handed out and the actors would begin to read their parts, asking questions about the character, his or her motivation, etc.  Bill Morton,  the director, would suggest certain emphasis, inflections and interpretations.  By about 8:30 or so the actors had marked their scripts appropriately and were ready for a dress rehearsal.  One of the actors, usually one with a smaller role, would become the designated sound effects person.  For this production actor Joseph Levicchi was chosen.

Once the actors were tested for voice levels the dress rehearsal would begin.  None of the actors wore earphones.  Therefore, once the studio mic was turned on (which muted the studio speakers to avoid feedback) they were unable to hear any recorded sound effects or bridge music and had to rely solely on hand cues from the control room.  Most of the time the actors took their cues from each other; however, on occasion they would have to pause for a sound effect before continuing.  Because they couldn’t hear the (recorded) effect they would wait for a nod from Bill to continue  Unless there was a disaster the dress rehearsal was not interrupted.  When it was over Bill Morton would step out of the control room, make any last minute changes to the script, and give final directions to his actors. When he returned to the control room to reassemble his sound effects records and transcriptions the rest of the cast would relax and get ready for the live show.  They usually had ten minutes or so.

All manual sound effects, such as the opening and closing of doors and the striking of a match were performed by the designated sound effects person who worked with a separate mic mounted on a boom in an isolated corner of the studio.  Most of the sound effects were on record and played from the control room.  Director Bill Morton was in charge of this and personally operated the “board” or console.  The sound effects records, all 78s, would be lined up in a record rack in the order in which they were to be played.  He had two turntables with which to work, on either side of the board.  For the opening of “The House of Retribution” he had the running automobile disc on one turntable and the “skid” sound effect ready to play on the other.  As soon as the skid effect was over, he would remove that disc, lay it flat on a table to his right and cue up the thunderclap effect.  Now he was ready to bring the car to a stop.  To accomplish this he simply slowed the turntable down until it stopped.  The coordination, which had to be perfect, was further complicated by the music bridges which were played from 16 inch transcriptions.  This required Bill, not only to change the speeds from 78 RPM to 33 1/3 RPM, (accomplished with the twist of a mechanical knob) but to cue up another pickup arm (each turntable was equipped with two) that would play the vertical cut on the transcription (as opposed to the lateral cuts on the 78s).

There was only one floor mic used for all the actors – an RCA 44-BX ribbon mic that was every announcer’s dream (because it tended to make ther voice sound deeper).  They would gather around it, usually two or three on each side, depending upon how many were in the scene.  As one actor moved his head in to deliver his lines the actor next to him would pull back to give him room.  It was standard procedure for the day, even at the networks.  If the script didn’t call for the actor’s services for a couple of minutes or so he would step off to one side of the studio and simply follow along in his script.

The program was recorded on my Meissner Model 9-1065 home disc recorder.   This particular unit had a built-in AM radio, which enabled me to record directly off the air.  Wire recorders were available for home use by this time and tape recorders were just being introduced in stores.

By the time my play was produced on “The Mystery Theater” I had been hired as a weekend announcer at the station.  My salary was 75 cents an hour.  If the truth be known, however, I would have paid them for the opportunity they gave me. 

It is amazing to me that the actors, none of whom was professional, were able to accomplish so well all that was demanded of them.  Notice their technique, how they interrupt each other when the script calls for it, so that no one is left hanging, and how effectively they use the mic to  project their emotions.  I believe many of them could have found jobs at the networks had they wished to pursue them.  But that was not their aim.  They were local people who lived and worked in the community or who commuted to New York five days a week and who simply wanted an outlet for their talent on a Friday night.  WNLK gave them that opportunity.

The actors heard in this production were:
John Tilley – Marty
Harry Aiken – Cliff Madden
Eleanor Raddick – Jeannie
Doug Bora – Gunther Shaw
Joe Levicchi – Inspector Fulton
Frederick Lamalfa – The sargent.

Bill Edwardsen is the announcer. He later went on to become a major radio personality at  WGY, Schenectady.  Bill’s opening announcement to the play was not recorded for some reason, so he graciously redid it for me many years later at my request.




 

Image Below:  WNLK, Norwalk, which went on the air April 17, 1948, was located on the third floor of the Marshall Building at the corner of Main and Wall Streets.  Note the corner sign whose slogan reads: "Radio in Good Taste for the Whole Family."  The station was owned by Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Ginzberg.  The building was later destroyed in the flood of 1955.

WNLK Memories

John J. Walkinshaw:
I worked at WNLK Radio (Norwalk) in the news department from 1976 to 1978. Attached are some photos from back in those days. The picture of the news car was taken during the blizzard of 1978. Photos show the newsroom, AM studio, and FM studio. I am in several pictures while the others include on-air talent and sports.



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